Head and Neck Treatment in Pooler, GA
As Ear, Nose & Throat specialists, our physicians are experienced in the diagnosis and surgical treatment of various types of head and neck cancers. Our physicians prioritize not only the removal of tumors, but on maintaining function and aesthetic.
Conditions and Services
Symptoms of a salivary gland tumor might include:
- A lump or swelling in your neck or mouth, or on or near your jaw
- Numbness in one area of your face
- Pain in the area of a salivary gland
- Muscle weakness on one side of your face
- Trouble opening your mouth
- Difficulty swallowing
Symptoms of tumors of the mouth and voice box may include:
- Pain or difficulty swallowing
- A cough or sore throat that does not go away
- Ear pain
- A change in the voice
- A lump in the neck or throat
The thyroid gland, located in the neck around the trachea, consists of two lobes that sit on either side of the windpipe. The main function of the thyroid gland is to produce a hormone that controls a person’s metabolism, heart rate and the gastrointestinal tract.
Common Thyroid Disorders
The thyroid gland is prone to developing a range of problems, most of which involve hormone fluctuation, an increase in the growth of the thyroid, formation of benign lumps and nodules, and formation of malignant lumps and nodules. The most common thyroid disorders include:
- Thyroid Nodules – Thyroid nodules are abnormal growths that cause a lump, or multiple lumps, in the thyroid gland. Even though most thyroid nodules are benign and not symptomatic, a physical examination, thyroid ultrasound, thyroid scan and biopsy are necessary.
- Hyperthyroidism – Hyperthyroidism causes your thyroid to make too much thyroid hormone, which may result in weight loss, rapid heart rate and mood swings. If hyperthyroidism is detected by a physician after a thyroid hormone test, you will begin antithyroid medicines.
- Hypothyroidism – Hypothyroidism is caused by too little thyroid hormone being secreted by the thyroid. It may cause people to feel sluggish and can cause a decrease in metabolism. The most common way to treat hypothyroidism is with the synthetic thyroid hormone T4.
- Thyroid Cancer – There are many types of thyroid cancer, including papillary, follicular, medullary and lymphoma. If symptoms do occur, they most commonly include pain in the neck, difficulty swallowing, excessive coughing and pressure in the neck. Thyroid cancer can be detected through a thyroid ultrasound, CT scan, MRI and chest X-rays.
Thyroid Surgery Options
Dr. David Oliver offers minimally invasive thyroid surgery options, such as thyroid removal for cancer, lymph node biopsy and dissections and surgery for goiters. We offer many minimally invasive procedures, which leave minimal scarring and reduce recovery time. Minimally invasive thyroid procedures offered at Coastal Ear, Nose & Throat include:
- Minimally Invasive Thyroidectomy (Removal of the entire thyroid)
- Minimally Invasive Thyroid Lobectomy (Removal of half the thyroid)
- Video-assisted Thyroidectomy
- Endoscopic Transaxillary Thyroid Surgery
- Mini-incision Thyroid Surgery
The parathyroid glands are small endocrine glands located behind the thyroid gland. The main function of the parathyroid glands is to produce the parathyroid hormone (PTH), which is responsible for regulating the levels of calcium and phosphorous in your body.
Common Thyroid Disorders
If your parathyroid glands produce too much or too little PTH, it disrupts the balance of calcium and phosphorus in the body, which can cause non-cancerous, hyperactive conditions. Parathyroid conditions include:
- Hyperparathyroidism – Hyperparathyroidism is caused by your body producing too much parathyroid hormone. This condition can present itself in two ways: primary hyperparathyroidism and secondary hyperparathyroidism.
- Primary hyperparathyroidism is an overproduction due to parathyroid adenoma, hyperplasia and carcinoma. It is typically diagnosed with a 24-hour urine collection to test calcium levels.
- Secondary hyperparathyroidism is caused by a response from low blood calcium levels and high phosphorous levels. Symptoms of the condition include thirst, loss of appetite, constipation, joint pain and depression. The most common cause of secondary hyperparathyroidism is kidney failure. Other causes include aluminum poisoning, malnutrition and rickets.
- Persistent hyperparathyroidism means that calcium levels never balanced out after the problem was identified and treated. Continued treatment is necessary with persistent hyperparathyroidism.
- Recurrent hyperparathyroidism is when the problem represents itself no less that six months after the initial treatment or procedure is done. Like persistent hyperparathyroidism, ongoing treatment is necessary.
- Hypoparathyroidism – Hypoparathyroidism is caused by an underactive parathyroid, which results in low calcium and phosphorous levels. Common symptoms of hypoparathyroidism include muscle cramps, pain, difficulty walking, seizures, dry skin, loss of memory and nervousness.
Parathyroid Surgery Options
Dr. David Oliver offers minimally invasive parathyroid surgery options to treat all parathyroid conditions. Our minimally invasive procedures reduce your hospital stay, reduce recovery time and leave minimal scarring to no scarring. Minimally Invasive parathyroid surgeries include:
- Minimally Invasive Parathyroidectomy – This procedure involves removing one or more of the parathyroid glands to treat hyperparathyroidism.
- Bilateral Neck Exploration for Hyperparathyroidism – Bilateral neck exploration for hyperparathyroidism is used to treat the most complex cases of hyperparathyroidism. In the procedure, all parathyroid organs are explored for potential disease and removed if necessary.
- Endoscopic Parathyroidectomy – This procedure provides a magnified view of the parathyroid glands to ensure the surgery is performed safely.